Is Sexism All There Is to Wage Inequality?

By: María Marty - @mariamarty16 - Sep 20, 2016, 10:05 am
(NG) salarios
Let’s flip the question: Is it fair that supermodel Giselle Bündchen earns more than her male counterparts? (NG)

Novak Djokovic, the world’s top tennis player in the ATP ranking, spurred controversy a few months ago when he claimed that male players should earn more than their female counterparts.

To this, Serena Williams, No. 1 in the ranking of the Women’s Tennis Association responded:

If I have a daughter who plays tennis and also have a son that plays tennis, I wouldn’t say that my son deserves more because he is a man. If they both started at three years old I would say they both deserve the same amount of money.”

So is it fair that the world’s best female tennis player earns less than the No. 1 male player? I answer by analyzing the case of Brazilian supermodel Giselle Bündchen.

While she makes about US $40 million a year, Sean O’Pry, the top male supermodel, earns only about $1.5 million. And so far, male models have not complained about this.

What Serena Williams and others seem to ignore is that what determines how much people should earn is not the effort involved, the age at which they began to work, nor any entrepreneur’s whim or machismo.

What determines someone’s wages are consumers and their preferences.

When Djokovic, Andy Murray, Roger Federer or Rafael Nadal play, they attract more people than Williams, Angelique Kerber, Garbiñe Muguruza or Agnieszka Radwańska.

And when Bundchen, Adriana Lima and Alessandra Ambrosio walk across the Victoria’s Secret catwalk, the world stops. People simply do not react the same toward a male fashion show.

In the same vein, millions of eyeballs focus on TV screens when Usain Bolt is about to run, but few remember the name of the fastest female athlete.

Similarly, Argentinean soccer star Lionel Messi is immensely more popular than Carli Lloyd.

This is not about pitting one gender against the other, as Serena suggested. It is about respecting people’s choices of who they want to pay for their services.

Wage inequality is everywhere, and reducing all disparities to sexism is a mistake. The best football team in the United States earns more than the best rowing team, simply because people consume more of it.

If we apply Serena’s criteria, and had the members of both teams struggle the same, had them start to train at the same age, they should all earn the same, right? Why do we only compare men and women who dedicate themselves to the same activity?

Serena’s mistake is that she assumes there is a preexisting money bag to distribute, and one distributed unfairly. That bag is filled with money from the people who buy tickets to see their favorite players, or with money from sponsors who invest in athletes knowing that people will pay to see them. In the case of tennis, men generate greater attraction than women.

In a free market economy, what you earn depends on how the market values what you offer.

If we do not like how the market responds to what we offer, we can try to change people’s opinion by promoting our activity, or by improving our offer to make it more attractive. What we cannot do is to impose our values to the rest, forcing them to become fans of rowing, attend fewer football games or to prefer Radwanska over Federer. Likewise, we cannot lobby for such results to be distributed equally when they were not generated as such.

Are there certain injustices? Are some women who exercise their profession much better than their male colleagues not receiving the promotion or a raise they deserve? Yes, of course.

Perhaps the person who makes the decisions is a sexist man afraid of potential pregnancies, or a man that feels threatened by an intelligent woman. In situations like this, we can try to make this person realize his mistake, or suggest a good psychologist. We can express our disagreement to him, or even quit the job if we cannot tolerate it anymore.

The scales of value are personal and subjective. Each person values what, at some point, gives them more satisfaction, consciously or unconsciously.

If we want to compete for the public’s preferences, we must offer something so that they will choose us over others. This is not about beating or matching the other through lobbying and artificial distribution. This is about offering the best we have got, playing fair and accepting the verdict of the jury, which in this case, is the consumer.

On the other hand, if as consumers we believe that female tennis players deserve to earn the same as male players, we must attend more of their games. If we believe that male models should earn more, we have to buy more tickets for their shows. If we believe that a researcher should be richer than Messi, we must stop watching his games, and invest our money into a research center.

We must realize that our choices fill or empty the coffers of others.

María Marty María Marty

Maria Marty is an Argentinean with a bachelors degree in social communication, a scriptwriter, and a libertarian. She is the executive director of the Foundation for the Responsible Intellectual (FRI). Follow @mariamarty16.

Armed Gangs Are Taking Over Hospitals in Venezuela

By: Sabrina Martín - @SabrinaMartinR - Sep 20, 2016, 8:59 am

EspañolDespite protection from state-appointed security officials, Caracas University Hospital (HUC) in Venezuela has reportedly been taken over by an armed gang. At least 20 armed people have taken over an office on the ground floor of the hospital, as well as performing during as guards, orderlies, attendants and supervisors. Read more: South American Leaders Shun Venezuela's Undemocratic Regime Read more: Venezuela's Summit Fails to Rally the World's "Non-Aligned" Leaders The group reportedly has total impunity, to the point that its members have been able to shoot patients and bystanders in full view of officials of the Bolivarian National Guard (GNB). According to the report, the group has been responsible for threats on workers who ask for better working conditions. "Employees come to work in fear," Director of FetraSalud Pablo Zambrano said. Many are locked in their offices and do not leave until the end of the day." Three weeks ago, a sick family member of the gang was admitted to the hospital, and the doctor who treated him received threats "'You better treat me well, because if I die, you will pay for it,' the man told me," said the doctor, who declined have his name used in this article. Other hospitals have seen similar problems. There has been fighting between gangs at the Coche Hospital as well. Resident physician Warner Martinez said that two months ago, two masked men took over the emergency room. They were looking for a patient with a gunshot wound and wanted to finish him off. They demanded that the doctors surrender or risk losing their lives. "There was no other choice but to let them take him," Martinez said. "The two guards and two army officers who were in that area could do nothing." googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display('div-gpt-ad-1459522593195-0'); }); The hospital in Los Magallanes de Catia in Caracas is no exception. Armed groups harass health workers who have decided to stage street protests for more medical supplies. Around 20 to 30 men riding motorcycle opened their jackets to the protesters, revealing their firepower in hopes of deterring them from continuing. Old women with hand bags also threw stones at the protesters. "It rattled them when we demanded claims. Protesting in this country is a crime and people seek to silence these actions," said Rosa Torrealba, Traumatologist at Los Magallanes de Catia. "In recent months they have calmed down, I guess because they are also affected by the crisis." Source: El Nacional

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