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Colombia: Criminal Gangs Take Control of FARC Coca Production Regions

By: Julián Villabona Galarza - Jan 24, 2017, 1:57 pm
The FARC's exit from drug trafficking has led to various armed groups fighting to fill the void (
The FARC’s exit from drug trafficking has led to various armed groups fighting to fill the void (YouTube).

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A report published by the 9fficial “Grupo de Monitoreo” (monitoring group) on the peace agreement between the Colombian government and FARC guerrillas warns of the intention of the Colombian Gaitanista Self-Defense Groups (ACG), an alliance between two criminal gangs known as “El Clan del Golfo” And “Clan Usuga,” to take control of the the Urabá area in Antioquia, a highly important coca-growing region, in order to expand cultivation, encourage desertion in the ranks of other armed groups, and become the overlords of the territories abandoned by the FARC, who will now be heading to so-called “pre-grouping zones” to await transitional justice.

Peasants of the sector say that the criminal gang is responsible for the kidnapping, torture, and murder of José Yeimer Cartagena on January 11, 2017, who was the vice president of the Campesino Association of Alto Sinú and who had led campaigns against the eradication of coca crops in the area.

The paramilitary problem has become one of the FARC‘s biggest concerns, who have assured that paramilitarism is on the rise in Colombia, despite the denial of the government. “Ruben”, head of the FARC’s 58th Front, says he is worried about the situation. He says that “if this is the situation when we still have the FARC, what will happen when we move forward in disarmament and reintegration,” according to a report by news website Las 2 Orillas.

According to Las 2 Orillas, another witness, who declined to disclose his identity, reported that 20 armed men arrived on January 19 to the district of Saiza to take control of that border area between the departments of Cordoba and Antioquia, in the north-west of the country. Commanders with the names “Pedro “, “Pollo” and  “Ulises” also allegedly arrived in the district of Juan José in Alto de San Jorge in the department of Cordoba where they distributed coca seeds to the peasants.

In addition, FARC guerrillas say that these criminal gangs are reaching out to make contact with the guerrillas in the pre-grouping areas, encouraging them to desert the FARC and join the ranks of the paramilitaries. Part of their recruiting pitch is to cast doubt over the preparedness of the Colombian government to reintegrate the rebels into civilian society.

According to the report, there are public forces in the area. The army, police, and Security Council in Cordoba have declared a red alert with regard to the need to deal with the situation, however, the mobilization of these illegal armed groups continues.

One of the FARC leaders in a pre-grouping zone in the sector, known by the alias “El Flaco,” assures that if the authorities do not take control, the peace process will be put at risk in the area. The leader also expressed concerns about close ties between government security forces and paramilitaries.

While the inhabitants of the sector seek to eradicate the scourge of coca cultivation, paramilitaries threaten them and seek to regain control of the area to continue the lucrative and bloody drug trade, a situation that is unfortunately occurring throughout Colombian territory.

Source: Las 2 Orillas

Julián Villabona Galarza Julián Villabona Galarza

Julián is a reporter with the PanAm Post with studies in Politics and International Relations from the University Sergio Arboleda in Colombia. Follow him: @julianvillabona.

Will Trump Actually Shrink the Bloated United States Government?

By: Guest Contributor - Jan 24, 2017, 1:41 pm
Donald_Trump_swearing_in_ceremony

By Daniel J. Mitchell I was sitting directly under a television in a Caribbean airport yesterday when Trump got inaugurated, so I inadvertently heard his speech. The bad news is that Trump didn’t say much about liberty or the constitution. And, unlike Reagan, he certainly didn’t have much to say about shrinking the size and scope of Washington. On the other hand, he excoriated Washington insiders for lining their pockets at the expense of the overall nation. And if he’s serious about curtailing sleaze in DC, the only solution is smaller government. But is that what Trump really believes? Does he intend to move policy in the right direction? Well, as I’ve already confessed, I don’t know what to expect. The biggest wild card, at least for fiscal policy, is whether he’ll be serious about the problem of government spending. Especially entitlements. I’ve been advising the Trump people that he needs some genuine spending restraint (or even some semi-serious spending restraint) if he actually wants to enact his big tax cut and have it be durable. And I’ve also been reminding them that Reagan’s 1984 landslide was in part a reward for having implemented policies that triggered strong growth. However, I gave that same advice to Bush’s people last decade and they didn’t listen, so I’m not overflowing with optimism that I’ll have more luck this time around. But hope springs eternal, so I’m starting the Trump era with my fingers crossed that we’ll get some good reform and good results. I talk about these issues in this interview with Dana Loesch. If I can elaborate on a couple of points from the interview, I am especially interested to see whether Republicans can actually deliver a big reduction in the corporate tax rate. Trump wants 15 percent, which would be great. House Republicans have proposed 20 percent, which also would be a big shift in the right direction. But there are a lot of details to be addressed before a big fiscal package can be approved, including whether Trump will do something to control spending and also how he will deal with the controversial provision on border adjustability in the House plan. Regarding employment, I mentioned that we have the good news of a lower unemployment rate combined with the bad news of too many people out of the labor force. I shared my views on this issue for a story in USA Today. The share of Americans working or looking for jobs is near historic lows. About 10 million prime-age men aren’t in the labor force — a lingering casualty of the Great Recession. Wage increases were stagnant at about 2% for most of the 7 ½-year-old recovery. “Several million people are not earning income, not producing,” says Dan Mitchell, senior fellow at the conservative Cato Institute. “I don’t think it’s good for the economy and it’s not good for those people.” Mitchell at least partly blames the substantial increase in the disability and food stamp rolls during and after the recession, which he says encouraged some Americans to remain idle. “We’ve expanded the welfare state,” he says. At the risk of stating the obvious, fewer people work when you increase the benefits of not working. Last but not least, I will confess a sin of omission. Dana mentioned the uptick in consumer spending over the holidays. That’s an important economic indicator, to be sure, but I should have taken the opportunity to explain that consumer spending and consumer sentiments are symptoms of an improving economy rather than causes of an improving economy. The focus of policy should be on how to produce higher incomes, not on how existing income is allocated. Daniel J. Mitchell is a senior fellow at the Cato Institute who specializes in fiscal policy, particularly tax reform, international tax competition, and the economic burden of government spending. He also serves on the editorial board of the Cayman Financial Review. This article was originally published on FEE.org. Read the original article.

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