Argentina Cannot Legislate Itself into Prosperity

By: Iván Carrino - May 13, 2016, 3:52 pm
Nada de lo que ofrecen los legisladores es suyo. Los subsidios hay que pagarlos con impuestos, que hay que cobrárselos a la misma gente a la que se quiere beneficiar. (La Voz del Interior)
Subsidies are paid with taxes charged to the same people they intend to benefit. (La Voz del Interior)

Español Politics has always been a frantic race to see who is the most generous. Lawmakers make promises to the people to ensure they win elections. It’s as simple as that.

Telling people that their success mostly relies on their own personal effort, creativity and ability to rise to challenges is not the most catchy of campaign slogans. What “sells” is the idea that if, “if you vote for me, all life’s problems will be solved.”

But politicians are doing nothing more than giving us a lot of benefits in exchange for our minimum effort of ticking the box next to their name on election day — an irresistible proposal.

This generosity is a mirage. Nothing offered by politicians is theirs to hand out. Subsidies have to be paid through taxes and charged to the same people they are supposed to benefit.

Proposals such as price controls, minimum wage laws or the now-famous and expensive idea of banning layoffs in Argentina — though dressed up like blessings — are always contrary to the objectives they seem to be rooted in. It’s what economists call, “unintended consequences.”

In my new book, “Strangled,” I cite a study by Professor John Dawson and John Seater analyzing the weight the new regulations had on the US economy from 1949 to the present day. The analysis shows that if the Federal Regulations Code had remained unchanged, the rate of economic growth would have been 2 percentage points higher. Thus, the US GDP in 2011 would have been about US $ 53.9 billion, instead of the 15.1 billion it reached that year.

Another interesting fact arises from comparing European and United States Labor Laws. According to Jeffrey Sachs and Felipe Larrain in their analysis of macroeconomics in the global economy, “The United States is characterized by a highly dynamic and competitive labor market. Labor Union coverage is low … and unemployment compensations are modest and short-lived.”

The situation in Europe is radically different and this has resulted in an historic unemployment rate higher than the United States’.

What a paradox. The region that most “protected” its workers is the one that has the highest unemployment.

Though they may be motivated by the best intentions, all these regulations, taxes and subsidies bring along unintended consequences that end up making the situation worse than it was before.

If politicians truly desire common man’s happiness, they should radically change their strategy. The world’s richest countries are those who have the most economic freedom and where the best conditions to invest and produce are located.

Progress does not spring from the legislators’ minds or pens, but from the entrepreneurs’ initiative and ingenuity.

If we understand this, we can also understand that the only role for legislators is removing the obstacles that weigh down today’s private sector. Only then, when the economy ceases to be choked, can Argentina breathe again.

Iván Carrino Iván Carrino

Iván Carrino holds a Master's Degree in Economics and a Bachelor's Degree in Business Administration. An economics professor at Belgrano University and at ESEADE in Buenos Aires, he also works as a consultant at Inversor Global. Follow him: @ivancarrino.

Global Taxation: The Panama Papers True End Game

By: José Niño - @JoseAlNino - May 13, 2016, 1:23 pm
Panama Papers

The Panama Papers leak, which detailed the dealings of numerous politicians, businessmen, and other high-ranking officials in offshore banking regimes has caused a worldwide media firestorm. Calls by institutions such as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) for closing tax loopholes and classifying Panama as a “tax haven” for its supposed malfeasances have been the popular response to these developments. Read More: Tax Havens, from Ancient Rome to Modern Panama Over the past few years, tax havens have been the whipping boy for many politicians in developed countries who want to rein in these jurisdictions for supposedly fostering tax evasion and other illegal activities. In reality, the Panama Papers did not reveal anything earth shattering or potentially incriminating about the majority of individuals who turned to Mossack Fonseca for corporate services, nor did they reveal any criminal behavior on the part of Mossack Fonseca. What Mossack Fonseca did throughout these cases is standard fare for corporate service providers and is perfectly legal. Tax Havens: In Short In sum, tax havens refer to certain countries, states, or territories that confer certain advantages in financial and taxation matters – increased financial privacy, friendly levels of taxation, and the ability to incorporate companies under more favorable circumstances. These places have existed since time immemorial and have served as a viable form of competition among tax jurisdictions, allowing countless international entrepreneurs to set-up their businesses in a cost-effective manner. // However, this useful feature in today’s world economy is often overlooked in contemporary policy debates. The majority of the focus is placed on the need to close these loopholes, enforce more stringent data sharing programs, and curtail the practice of corporate inversion. The calls for reform are well-intentioned, but one harsh reality is generally ignored: the OECD, which spearheads the campaign against tax havens, is made up of cash-strapped Western governments that are desperate to collect tax revenues in order to finance their unsustainable welfare states. For these countries, tax havens represent the latest medium for potential tax plunder. Enter FATCA Six years prior to the Panama Papers incident, the U.S. passed the controversial Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) – a law that allows for foreign banks and financial institutions to effectively act as an enforcement arm of the IRS. Although FATCA is a US law, foreign countries must comply with its provisions. These provisions require all foreign financial institutions to register their organizations with the IRS, and then, agree to hand over all the private financial data of their American clients. A fiscal imperialism of sorts, the OECD’s endgame is to impose their member country’s tax policies upon countries If said financial institutions do not comply with FATCA, the US government has the ability to seize 30 percent of the foreign bank’s US earnings through a withholding tax. Not only does FATCA represent a major violation of the privacy rights of US citizens living abroad, it will also make it more difficult for these same individuals to make a living abroad, as foreign banks will start to drop American customers in order to avoid the costs of FATCA regulations. In the same token, FATCA has already laid the groundwork for a global data sharing program among governments that will subject the foreign bank accounts of US citizens living abroad to further taxation and possible intrusion. The OECD’s Gambit The Panama Papers uproar may just be the necessary catalyst for a robust international data sharing program that will make measures such as FATCA a global standard. This does not bode well for entrepreneurs and other individuals with international business aspirations. Many individuals could see delicate, private information be shared among governments that are not known for their protection of privacy rights. Instead of maintaining the traditional model of territorial taxation and repudiating FATCA for its intrusiveness, the OECD sees the latest Panama Papers controversy as a carte blanche to continue the implementation a global tax system on countries that are deemed non-compliant. A fiscal imperialism of sorts, the OECD’s endgame is to impose their member country’s tax policies upon countries such as Panama, thus subjecting countless foreign individuals and corporations to unjust levels of double taxation. The campaign to combat tax evasion is merely a front for the true endgame – global taxation on an unprecedented scale. The Virtues of Competitive Jurisdictions The ability to bank, set up a savings account, or start up a company wherever an individual decides to should be treated as a fundamental economic right. As long as these individuals operate within the confines the law, governments have no authority to interfere with otherwise peaceful activities. Luckily, there now exists more competition between governments, as skilled citizens are more mobile than ever. This mobility creates an environment in which governments are incentivized to keep taxes on labor and capital low. In essence, governments are compelled to compete with each other in order to attract the best capital and labor from across the globe under this type of dynamic. Read More: Panama Papers: The Larger Problem Lays Beyond Tax Havens Competitive tax jurisdictions are veritable lifesavers for the citizens of countries such as Venezuela that must endure crushing inflation and a burdensome regulatory climate. The existence of tax competition provides a viable exit strategy for individuals that are otherwise stuck in unstable economic environments. Instead of condemning tax havens, OECD countries and the rest of the world, for that matter, should strive to emulate tax havens by implementing tax competition and simple regulatory policies that generate economic growth and attract investment. Instead of turning to the heavy hand of the state, these governments and their citizens would be best served by tax policies that are easy to follow and do not scare away entrepreneurs.

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