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How Guatemala’s Civil War Wages On

By: Fergus Hodgson - @FergHodgson - Aug 11, 2015, 8:36 am

EspañolIf you want insights into the history of Claudia Paz y Paz, former attorney general of Guatemala (2010-2014), and what she symbolizes, look no further than the recent six-part series of reports from Steve Hecht and David Landau. These two men put painstaking work into unraveling the disparity between this woman’s image as a human-rights academic with Georgetown University in Washington, DC, and the reality on the ground back in Central America.

Former Attorney General Claudia Paz y Paz represented the infiltration of sympathizers and former Marxist guerrilla in the government of Guatemala. (@ClaudiaPazyPaz)
Former Attorney General Claudia Paz y Paz represented the infiltration of sympathizers and former Marxist guerrilla in Guatemala’s government. (@ClaudiaPazyPaz)

In particular, they detailed how she represents a continuation of the Marxist push for control over Guatemala, dating back to the multi-decade civil war, which on paper ended in 1996. Despite military defeat and minimal support at the polls, Hecht asserts, they simply changed tactics and sought to infiltrate the government through the backdoor, and that’s how Paz y Paz came to power.

“They expertly used the weakness of the system against the system,” he says. That is “a centralized government, a centralized economy” without the rule of law, where “corruption has been the norm.”

They found “plenty of naive Europeans who were ready to finance them,” and positioned themselves as corruption fighters — even though “they’re every bit as corrupt and probably more corrupt than the people that they’re fighting.”

Perhaps what disappoints him most is that many wealthy and powerful people in Guatemala have chosen to work with the guerrilla, and get protection from them, rather than oppose such a takeover.

[Thus] the indigenous people are, today, subject to basically guerrilla control.… These NGOs, created by the former subversives and financed mostly by Europe and given political backing by the Obama administration… They force them through criminal actions to support their agenda, which includes blocking roads, which includes kidnapping, which includes not letting police come into areas.… They have clandestine prisons; they have forced labor … and nobody pays attention.

Hecht covered a lot of ground in half an hour of interview, but afterwards he wrote that he regretted not addressing the relevance to people in the United States. He also believes Colombians have much to learn from Guatemala’s struggles, as they grapple with their own malignant FARC guerrilla.

His primary concern is that US media fail to even address foreign policy towards Guatemala. The few who do, he says, lend support to Marxist insurgents, be that unwittingly or not. On the other hand, ideological adversaries of the guerrilla and the Obama administration tend to avoid the issue as something they do not understand.

We believe that the actions of the Obama administration here shed much light on their domestic policies and politics, and that the US public has been deprived of this information … which is one of the reasons Obama can so blatantly intervene in Guatemala to the detriment of the people of the United States.

Here is the six-part series, written to be easily understood by a US audience:

I: Unmasking Claudia Paz y Paz, Guatemala’s Human-Rights Diva
II: How the United Nations Did the Bidding of Guatemalan Guerrilla
III: Fired for Daring to Prosecute Extortion in Rural Guatemala
IV: Fabricating Genocide to Bring Down Ríos Montt
V: The US Ambassador Who Covered for a Corrupt Guatemalan Judge
VI: The Truth about Claudia Paz y Paz’s Reign over Guatemala

Carlos Sabino, based at Francisco Marroquín University, is one of the leading historians when it comes to Guatemala. (<a href="http://amzn.to/1IG1of7" target="_blank">Amazon</a>)
Carlos Sabino, based at Francisco Marroquín University, is one of the leading historians when it comes to Guatemala. (Amazon)

Find more of Hecht’s work with the Liga ProPatria Foundation, which advocates for the rule of law in Guatemala. Hecht also recommends, for Spanish readers, a book by historian and sociologist Carlos Sabino of Francisco Marroquín University: Guatemala, la historia silenciada (1944-1989).

Hecht supports open debate, particularly on university campuses, and he would like to see a dialogue at Georgetown University over whom they have selected as their “distinguished scholar in residence.” Further, he was glad to spar with Luis Eduardo Barrueto, who wrote a letter to dispute the report series. Read: “In Defense of Claudia Paz y Paz,” which includes a response from Hecht.

Fergus Hodgson Fergus Hodgson

Fergus Hodgson was the founding editor in chief of the PanAm Post, up until January 2016, and he now studies finance at Tulane University in Louisiana and Francisco Marroquín University in Guatemala. Originally from New Zealand, he has also lived in Argentina, Canada, Colombia, Ecuador, Ireland, and the United States. Follow @FergHodgson and his Facebook page.