Mexican Cartels Pose Greatest Threat to United States

By: Elena Toledo - @NenaToledo - Dec 8, 2016, 4:55 pm
Mexican cartels continue to pose a significant threat to
Mexican cartels continue to pose a significant threat to the United States and its interests (Informativo 217).


The US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) has issued a report called “Estimation of the National Drug Threat 2016” reaffirming the operation of six drug cartels in Mexico.

The federal agency, along with others, has detected drug trafficking by the Juarez Cartel, Gulf Cartel, New Generation Jalisco Cartel, Sinaloa Cartel, Los Zetas and Beltrán Leyva Cartel.

“Mexican cartels remain the main threat. No other group has currently positioned itself to challenge them in the United States. They maintain influence in large portions of Mexican territory that are used for the cultivation, production, importation, and transportation of illicit drugs,” the document describes.

The American cities where these organizations chiefly operate are Chicago, Boston, Pittsburg, San Diego, Phoenix, New York, and Merrillville (Indiana).

The US drug landscape has changed in the last decade according to the DEA; with the greatest impact generated by the consumption of illicit substances including heroin and fentanyl, as well as abuse of over-the-counter pharmaceuticals, and methamphetamine use.

“The results we are seeing include thousands of people dead, missing, or executed; use of torture as a means of police investigation, corruption within the army. The breakdown of the national defense system of those countries that participate in anti-drug efforts. A total and absolute failure,” said Francisco Gallardo, a retired Mexican general.

According to the DEA, Mexican cartels form alliances with Americans of Mexican origins, but who are not US citizens. Such individuals endeavor to maintain a low profile.

“The United States has largely been spared much of the violence generated by drug-related assassins,” the report said.

But in Mexico the situation is very different since the wave of violence that began with former President Felipe Calderón resulted in 122,000 homicides between 2006 and 2012. In two years of Enrique Peña Nieto’s government, there have already been 63,835 murders according to data from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi).

“With regard to counternarcotics strategies, the war really expands toward Mexico. Mexico has pursued counternarcotics strategies that are totally unsuccessful. Why? Because the reality is that drug use and drug trafficking in the United States has not gone down,” said Guadalupe Cabrera-Correa, a professor at the University of Texas.

Although the impact of drug addiction on public health is high, it has not been enough for the United States government to push for an international strategy that does not focus solely on national security.

According to the DEA report, in the United States between 2007 and 2014, 40,912 people died from heroin poisoning, while 39,618 died from cocaine use.

“It has not been seen as a public health problem but as a security issue, and that same strategy has spread to other parts of the hemisphere. This kind of collaboration has expanded to other countries through Plan Colombia, Plan Mérida, and others in Central America. And the result is that neither consumption nor trafficking has been diminished,” said Cabrera-Correa.

Meanwhile in Mexico, during the current year, 713,963 students were found to be addicted and in need of some type of intervention, according to information from a survey conducted by Manuel Mondragón from the National Council Against Addictions.

Source: Sin Embargo

Elena Toledo Elena Toledo

Educator by trade, social-media apprentice, activist for a democratic Honduras, and free thinker. Follow her on Twitter @NenaToledo.

Obama Administration Breaks Record for Most Mexicans Deported in US History

By: Elena Toledo - @NenaToledo - Dec 8, 2016, 3:45 pm
Mexican cartels continue to pose a significant threat to

EspañolDuring Barack Obama's two terms as President of the United States, 2.8 million Mexicans were deported, according to official figures from the National Institute of Migration (INM), which is the highest in the country's history. It's no surprise why Latino organizations have come to call the Democrat "Deporter in Chief" Many of the Mexicans that were forced to leave the country were separated from their families, and were often children. Jesús Mateo was deported in 2012 after living in the US for 25 years. He had built a home with his wife. They had kids. They had grandkids. Mateo now lives in Mexicali, Baja California, a town 445 miles from Fresno, where his family lives. He works at the Migrante Hotel, a shelter that helps Mexicans who have been deported. "I know they are fine but I don't see them," Mateo told BBC Mundo. "My daughter talks to me but she only asks me how I am and sometimes she tells me how things are going." The yearly deportation of hundreds of thousands of Mexicans is one of the most critical problems plaguing US-Mexico relations. White House officials have claimed it only expels people who represent a "problem for society," like delinquents. However, thousands of Mexicans were deported for committing minor offenses, while others were arrested during raids by immigration agents. Read More: The Legacy of Fidel: A Millionaire Military Caste in Perpetual Power Read More: Peruvian Diplomat Reveals Heated Debate with Castro Over Cuban Exiles Julian Mateo is a perfect example of this. He was arrested after a car accident in which one person was killed. He was given 14 years in prison. When he got out, he was deported to Mexico, attempted to return to California and was detained again. The Mexican government has reportedly shown an unwillingness to address the problem, and hopes are low for 2017 because the Chamber of Deputies only allocated US $14 million to help deportees — a 30-percent decrease compared to 2016. "The money is insufficient," Founder of Angels Without Borders Sergio Tamai said. "There is no comprehensive support program for them. Their families are still in the United States and they want to try to return to them." The tragedy of deportation also affects Rodolfo Sánchez, who came to the United States in 1994, and made his life as a carpenter before being deported. "I was very happy, I thought that I would soon have a big business," he told BBC Mundo in Tijuana, where he currently resides. googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display('div-gpt-ad-1459522593195-0'); });   For women, deportation isn't any easier. According to the Puerta de Esperanza house in Tijuana offering help to female deportees, it can actually be worse. "Their physical situation is affected," said Karina López. "They don't sleep well, they don't eat well. Emotionally they are abandoned, devastated. " But perhaps the greatest drama is the children who are left behind once these women are deported, kept in custody by US authorities or put up for adoption. Source: BBC Mundo

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