EspañolOpposition-leader Mauricio Macri is poised to become Argentina’s first non-Peronist president in decades, putting an end to 12 years of socialist-leaning Front for Victory rule. With over 66 percent of polls counted, preliminary official results give the Cambiemos (we change) candidate a 7 percent advantage over the ruling-party candidate, Daniel Scioli.
A businessman and soccer-club president turned congressman and Buenos Aires mayor, Macri surged in the polls after a surprising performance in the first round of the election.
Election day was relatively calm, at least by Argentinean standards. Transparency-watchdog Ser Fiscal received at least 102 complaints of irregularities, including stolen and doctored ballots, small explosions, closed stations, and foreigners allegedly crossing the border to vote for President Cristina Kirchner’s successor.
Voting centers across the South American nation remained open from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. local time on November 22. And José Luis Patiño, founder and chief technology officer at Ser Fiscal, told the PanAm Post that all complaints would show up on a map detailing electoral crimes.
Around 14:00 local time, Patiño said half of Argentina’s registered voters had already cast their ballots: “So far the election has been calm, but problems usually arise afterwards, when local leaders begin realizing who is leading the race. If something wants to try anything, he’ll do it near the closing time.”
However,”when there is a lot of control, those with bad intentions fail,” he explained.
A member of Ser Fiscal also told the PanAm Post that he had received a complaint about two unidentified individuals who had exploded spray cans near two schools that functioned as polling stations in San Martín, Buenos Aires province. No one was injured, however.
According to Patiño, the most common complaint had to do with altered ballots for the Cambiemos candidate, Macri. Argentineans sent Ser Fiscal photos of voting ballots whose top corner had been ripped off. Nevertheless, the electoral authority recognized those documents as valid, he said.
As for the complaints that dozens from neighboring Paraguay were crossing the border to participate in the election, Patiño explained that they could vote if the had an Argentinean ID: “They are just like another citizen. Anyone who has a [valid] document can vote.”
International observers came to Ser Fiscal’s offices for an informal meeting, Patiño said: “We invited people from different countries. We met with observers from Peru, Venezuela, and Brazil, who came with electoral authority’s representatives.”
In the first round of the election, on October 26, Ser Fiscal received a little over 1,500 complaints, the lowest record in years. Patiño put it down to “an awareness in Argentinean civil society that created more accountability and a better democracy. This translated not only into more people signing up to monitor the election, but also into the first presidential debate being organized by civil society.”
Voting for Change
In Buenos Aires, the PanAm Post talked with several voters near polling stations on Sunday morning.
Inés, who wished to remain anonymous, voted for Macri: “I voted for change because I think his administration will do a lot, will open up the country.”
Ricardo Ramírez, on the other hand, chose Scioli because he wanted to build on the legacy of the Kirchners: “Cristina [Kirchner] did the right thing, and Scioli can improve those that were left incomplete.”
Patricio, who also preferred to withhold his full name, said he voted for the opposition candidate because Kirchner’s ruling party had been in power for long enough.
Horacio Wuille Bille voted for Macri because he longed for change: “The government has played its role. They have been in power for 12 years. I think Macri will have to put the economy in order and restore the country’s institutions — to make the government abide by the Constitution and laws, not the other way around.”
A female lawyer, fed up with the lack of dissent under Kirchnerism, said she didn’t want her bosses to find out “that [she] voted against [Scioli].” She hopes that Macri will focus on corruption and malnutrition among children.
Another woman, a journalist, said she cast a blank vote because neither candidate pleased her. She deemed Scioli “incompetent” and Macri “an untrustworthy person.”